Argentine Foreign Minister Hector Timmerman confirmed that his country would seek the trial of the companies that are developing oil fields on the shelf of the Malvinas (Falkland) Islands. Argentina suspects that it is a front company, backed by major Western oil producers. Is it because the silent Western diplomats?
A day earlier, on June 27 the federal court froze the accounts of the country’s property and arrested six foreign companies operating in the archipelago, in the amount of 156 million dollars. The basis for the judgment – management of environmentally sensitive work in the territorial waters of Argentina, as well as the fact that the drilling is done without “authorization or concession issued by the competent authority in Argentina.”
Court promises to impose sanctions and property companies abroad. This British Premier Oil, Rockhopper Exploration and London HQ’d Falkland Oil, American Noble Energy and the French Edison International Spa. But their lead did not return calls Western journalists and diplomats are silent these countries.
“We believe that they (the company) is a company-ghosts and actually work on behalf of major oil companies” – said the Minister Hector Timmerman, in an interview Tiempo Argentino. If oil is found, the major oil producers immediately intervene, explained the minister. According to him, these companies operate outside the law, because, according to UN General Assembly resolution, the Malvinas Islands are disputed territory and an international law prohibits any activity causing a change in their status.
To be honest, seized property – small, and only one company – Noble Energy, has an account in Argentina, but the stock market notice of insolvency of these companies can do it or who is behind them, substantial damage.
The situation around the Malvinas Islands escalated in anticipation of the new session of the UN Committee on Decolonization, which supports the claims of Argentina on the organization of the negotiations on the disputed islands. But Britain does not want to discuss anything, justifying this decision of the residents in a referendum in 2013, when about three thousand people voted in favor of the Malvinas archipelago status as an overseas territory of the UK.
“Britain wrote a book about colonialism, and now they are trying to tell us that this is a case of self-determination” – said Timmerman. – It is a question of the territorial integrity and sovereignty, it has nothing to do with self-determination. “
The key to the resolution of the dispute lies in a UN General Assembly resolution №2065 of January 4, 1965, which recommended to resolve the dispute through negotiations in accordance with the UN Charter and Resolution №1514 of 14 December 1960 on the elimination of colonialism, and then repeated the offer .
This year marks the 50th anniversary of resolution. “This resolution determines that the Malvinas / Falkland Islands are a form of colonialism which must be stopped”, – wrote in an article in the Huffington Post “the Malvinas / Falklands: dialogue, not militarization” (Malvinas / Falklands: Dialogue, not Militarization) Mariana Rodriguez Pareja (Mariana Rodriguez Pareja), professor of geopolitics and international politics at the University of Salamanca (USAL).
In addition, the author continues, the resolution takes note of the existence of a sovereignty dispute between Argentina and the United Kingdom. Finally, it invites both countries to start negotiations to find “a peaceful solution to the problem and to report to the Special Committee or the General Assembly,” the results.
Of course, the interests of the population has not been canceled, but the expert recalls that the Malvinas Islands “were occupied in 1833 by British troops who drove the local population, and today Britain does not allow them to return, so this is nothing but a violation of the territorial integrity of Argentina “.
And those who live on the islands, it is, in the words Timmerman, “implanted population.” And as the colonists were “conquered colonial power”, therefore, the principle of “self-determination” is not applicable to them, experts say.
According to Mariana Parejo, negotiations between Argentina and the United Kingdom on this issue in the near future are unlikely. Argentina has launched a campaign to search for evidence of the descendants of those who were expelled, and the recognition of its position in the different countries of the world, the type of solution to the Palestinian problem. Britain will argue in international forums, including scientific, that the principle of self-determination does not apply to the Malvinas.
British newspapers accused Argentina of escalating the conflict through purchases in Russia and China arms. But Buenos Aires is categorically denied, reminiscent of the country’s commitment to peace. According to the Casa Rosada, the United Kingdom is militarized region.
According to Cristina Kirchner, the Kingdom has strengthened military garrison on the islands of 3 thousand inhabitants 1500 – is the military. The president called the Malvinas “nuclear base” of NATO in the South Atlantic. Indeed, according to the Ministry of Defense of Great Britain, about 180 million pounds will be spent over the next decade to modernize the defense of the islands.
“Malvinas Islands has always belonged to Argentina, in the same way as the Crimea belonged to the Soviet Union until he was transferred to Ukraine”, – said Kirchner last year.
“Argentines consider the fact that over the islands waving the British flag, the legacy of colonialism, the policy of the British Empire – said with Pravda.ru Vladimir lieutenant, chief editor of” Latin America “. – A British think the territory theirs. Although the Argentine government in favor of a peaceful solution to this problem through negotiations, until it does not work, the conflict is frozen. “
lieutenant Vladimir believes that the issue escalated during the presidential campaign. “Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner will defend the interests of their supporters, their party that will fight for the presidency. But she meets a fairly strong opposition. And this opposition is supported by anti-independence course of Argentina in the international arena, in particular the United States. We hope that the situation will not cause some severe acute in this region, in the South Atlantic, and not overshadow the international situation, which is already complicated enough, the expert concluded.
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